## 题目地址

https://leetcode.com/problems/n-queens-ii/

## 题目描述

The n -queens puzzle is the problem of placing n queens on an n × n chessboard such that no two queens attack each other.

Given an integer n , return the number of distinct solutions to the n -queens puzzle.

Example:

``````Input: 4
Output: 2
Explanation: There are two distinct solutions to the 4-queens puzzle as shown below.
[
[".Q..",  // Solution 1
"...Q",
"Q...",
"..Q."],

["..Q.",  // Solution 2
"Q...",
"...Q",
".Q.."]
]
``````

## 代码

``````class Solution {
public:
int totalNQueens(int n) {
int res = 0;
vector<int> pos(n, -1);
helper(pos, 0, res);
return res;
}
void helper(vector<int>& pos, int row, int& res) {
int n = pos.size();
if (row == n) ++res;
for (int col = 0; col < n; ++col) {
if (isValid(pos, row, col)) {
pos[row] = col;
helper(pos, row + 1, res);
pos[row] = -1;
}
}
}
bool isValid(vector<int>& pos, int row, int col) {
for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i) {
if (col == pos[i] || abs(row - i) == abs(col - pos[i])) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
};

``````

``````class Solution {
public:
int totalNQueens(int n) {
int res = 0;
vector<bool> cols(n), diag(2 * n), anti_diag(2 * n);
helper(n, 0, cols, diag, anti_diag, res);
return res;
}
void helper(int n, int row, vector<bool>& cols, vector<bool>& diag, vector<bool>& anti_diag, int& res) {
if (row == n) ++res;
for (int col = 0; col < n; ++col) {
int idx1 = col - row + n, idx2 = col + row;
if (cols[col] || diag[idx1] || anti_diag[idx2]) continue;
cols[col] = diag[idx1] = anti_diag[idx2] = true;
helper(n, row + 1, cols, diag, anti_diag, res);
cols[col] = diag[idx1] = anti_diag[idx2] = false;
}
}
};
``````

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