## 题目地址

https://leetcode.com/problems/edit-distance/

## 题目描述

Given two words word1 and word2 , find the minimum number of operations required to convert word1 to word2.

You have the following 3 operations permitted on a word:

1. Insert a character
2. Delete a character
3. Replace a character

Example 1:

``````Input: word1 = "horse", word2 = "ros"
Output: 3
Explanation:
horse -> rorse (replace 'h' with 'r')
rorse -> rose (remove 'r')
rose -> ros (remove 'e')

``````

Example 2:

``````Input: word1 = "intention", word2 = "execution"
Output: 5
Explanation:
intention -> inention (remove 't')
inention -> enention (replace 'i' with 'e')
enention -> exention (replace 'n' with 'x')
exention -> exection (replace 'n' with 'c')
exection -> execution (insert 'u')
``````

## 代码

``````class Solution {
public:
int minDistance(string word1, string word2) {
int m = word1.size(), n = word2.size();
vector<vector<int>> memo(m, vector<int>(n));
return helper(word1, 0, word2, 0, memo);
}
int helper(string& word1, int i, string& word2, int j, vector<vector<int>>& memo) {
if (i == word1.size()) return (int)word2.size() - j;
if (j == word2.size()) return (int)word1.size() - i;
if (memo[i][j] > 0) return memo[i][j];
int res = 0;
if (word1[i] == word2[j]) {
return helper(word1, i + 1, word2, j + 1, memo);
} else {
int insertCnt = helper(word1, i, word2, j + 1, memo);
int deleteCnt = helper(word1, i + 1, word2, j, memo);
int replaceCnt = helper(word1, i + 1, word2, j + 1, memo);
res = min(insertCnt, min(deleteCnt, replaceCnt)) + 1;
}
return memo[i][j] = res;
}
};

``````

``````  Ø a b c d
Ø 0 1 2 3 4
b 1 1 1 2 3
b 2 2 1 2 3
c 3 3 2 1 2

``````

dp[i][j] = / dp[i - 1][j - 1] if word1[i - 1] == word2[j - 1]

``````              \    min(dp[i - 1][j - 1], min(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i][j - 1])) + 1            else
``````

``````class Solution {
public:
int minDistance(string word1, string word2) {
int m = word1.size(), n = word2.size();
vector<vector<int>> dp(m + 1, vector<int>(n + 1));
for (int i = 0; i <= m; ++i) dp[i][0] = i;
for (int i = 0; i <= n; ++i) dp[0][i] = i;
for (int i = 1; i <= m; ++i) {
for (int j = 1; j <= n; ++j) {
if (word1[i - 1] == word2[j - 1]) {
dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1];
} else {
dp[i][j] = min(dp[i - 1][j - 1], min(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i][j - 1])) + 1;
}
}
}
return dp[m][n];
}
};
``````

评论
0 评论